Facts about Peru for kids

Facts about Peru for kids
Facts about Peru for kids is coming in our very especial education group of articles about Peru and facts for kids to learn more about the world and the whole universe. For even more interesting information you can watch this video we chose for you.

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Facts about peru for kids

facts about Peru for kids Peru, in western South America, extends for nearly 1,500 mi (2,414 km) along the learning websites Pacific Ocean facts about Peru for kids.

Colombia and Ecuador are to the north, early childhood education Brazil and Bolivia to the east, and Chile to the south. Five-sixths the size of Alaska learning websites, Peru is divided by the Andes Mountains into three sharply differentiated zones. To the west is the facts about Peru for kids coastline, much of it arid, extending 50 to 100 mi (80 to 160 km) inland kids.

The mountain area, with peaks over 20,000 ft (6,096 m), lofty plateaus, and deep valleys, lies centrally facts about Peru for kids. Beyond the mountains to the east is the heavily forested slope leading to the Amazonian plains.

facts about Peru for kids Government learning websites

Constitutional republic.
Peru was once learning websites part of the great Incan Empire and later the major vice-royalty of Spanish South America facts about Peru for kids.

It was conquered in 1531–1533 by Francisco Bizarre. On July 28, 1821, Peru proclaimed its independence, but the Spanish were not finally defeated until 1824. For a hundred years thereafter, revolutions were frequent learning websites a new war was fought with Spain in 1864–1866, and an unsuccessful war was fought with Chile from 1879 to 1883 (the War of the Pacific) facts about Peru for kids.

Peru emerged from 20 years of dictatorship facts about Peru for kids in 1945 with the inauguration of President Jose Luis Bustamante y Rivera after the first free election in many decades. But he served for learning websites only three years and was succeeded in turn by Gen. Manuel A. Adrian, Manuel Prado y Gretchen, and Fernando Blander Terry. On Oct. 3, 1968, Blander was overthrown by Gen facts about Peru for kids.

Juan Velars Alvarado early childhood education.

In 1975, Velars was replaced in a bloodless coup by his prime minister, Gen. Francisco Morales Bermuda, who promised to restore civilian government. In elections held on May 18, 1980, Blander Terry, the last facts about Peru for kids civilian president, was elected president again learning websites.

The Maoist guerrilla group Shining Path, or Sender Luminous, began their brutal campaign to overthrow the government learning websites in 1980. The military's subsequent crackdown led to further civilian human rights abuses and disappearances facts about Peru for kids.

A smaller rebel group, Tupac Lamar, facts about Peru for kids also fought against the government. About 69,000 people were killed during the 1980–2000 wars between rebel groups and the government learning websites early childhood education.

The deaths were carried out by the rebels (54%) as well as the military (30%); other militias were responsible for the remainder facts about Peru for kids.

facts about Peru for kids A New Era  Government of early childhood education

Peru's fragile democracy survived. In 1985, Blander Terry was the first elected president to turn over power to a constitutionally elected successor since 1945. Alberto Fuji won the 1990 elections facts about Peru for kids.

 Citing continuing terrorism, facts about Peru for kids drug trafficking, and corruption, Fuji dissolved Congress, suspended the learning websites constitution, and imposed censorship in April 1992. By September, all but Shining Path had been vanquished. A new constitution was approved in 1993 early childhood education.

Fuji was reelected in 1995 and again in May 2000 to a third five-year term, after his opponent, Alejandro Toledo, facts about Peru for kids withdrew from the contest, charging fraud. In Sept early childhood education.

2000, Fuji's learning websites intelligence chief, Vladimir Mountainous, was videotaped bribing a congressman. Fuji announced he would dismantle the powerful National Intelligence Service, which has been accused of human rights violations facts about Peru for kids.

Two months later, he stunned his facts about Peru for kids nation by resigning during a trip to Japan early childhood education. Revelations that Fuji secretly held Japanese citizenship—and could not be extradited to face corruption charges—enraged the populace learning websites.

In 2001, the centrist Alejandro Toledo was elected president with 53% of the vote, narrowly defeating former president Alan Garcia. His rags-to-riches story and mixed Indian and Latino heritage made him popular facts about Peru for kids among the poor.

Inheriting a country racked by economic facts about Peru for kids troubles and corruption, Toledo did little, however learning websites, early childhood education to restore confidence in the government. Early in his presidency, he gave himself a significant pay raise while at the same time calling for economic austerity.

facts about Peru for kids In June 2002, a popular revolt took place in the cities of Requital and Tania and in other areas of southern Peru after the sale of two state-run electricity firms to a Belgian company, Tractable learning websites.

Toledo had specifically promised facts about Peru for kids during his campaign not to sell these firms. Opinion polls at the time indicated that more than 60% of Peruvians were adamantly opposed to privatization and foreign investment, which in the past had led to price increases, mass layoffs, corruption, facts about Peru for kids and few discernible benefits for the populace. A series of scandals and political missteps between 2003 and 2005 caused Toledo's approval ratings to plummet, at one point as low as 8%.

The Return of Alan Garcia facts about Peru for kids

In the first round of presidential elections in April 2006, voters chose a former army officer, Atlanta Humana, from among 20 candidates. But in the second round in June, former president Alan Garcia, whose 1985–1990 administration facts about Peru for kids left Peru in economic ruin, made a startling comeback, winning with 52.6% of the votes learning websites.

Election analysts have suggested facts about Peru for kids that voters felt Humana, a former military leader who had once led a coup, was unpredictable and capable of eroding Peru's democracy, and that Garcia, despite his proven economic incompetence and a reputation for corruption, was the marginally better bet learning websites.

In Aug. 2007, an 8.0-magnitude earthquake struck 95 miles southeast of Lima, killing at least 430 people and leveling churches and homes facts about Peru for kids.

In Sept. 2007, Chile's Supreme Court approved the extradition facts about Peru for kids of former president Alberto Fuji to Peru in order to try him on charges of corruption and human rights abuses early childhood education.

He had been in Chile since 2005, when he was detained after stopping there on his way from voluntary exile in Japan back to Peru in order to attempt a political comeback facts about Peru for kids.

On Oct. 10, 2008, Garcia's entire cabinet was forced to resign over an oil corruption scandal. On Oct. 11, 2008, in an attempt to regain popularity, President Garcia appointed a leftist regional governor, early childhood education Ehud Simon, as his prime minister—a move that shocked many. Garcia's popularity took a hit in 2009 when he passed land laws that allowed large sections of the Amazon to be auctioned off to oil and gas companies.

Violent protests against facts about Peru for kids the laws broke out in the Amazon, and Simon resigned in July 2009 after he negotiated a settlement that included repeal of the laws. Garcia replaced Simon with Javier Velasquez facts about Peru for kids.